The German economy is finally picking up. Part of this strength comes from exports. Despite all the hype about China, Germany is still the world’s largest expoerter in absolute terms. But there is also a clear recovery in domestic demand.
You would have thought that this should be greeted with joy by Germany’s euro partners. After all, a strong German economy is in the interests of the euro-zone. No way! Instead, Germany is attacked – notably by people such as Paul de Grawe and Wolfgang Munchau, both writing in the Financial Times – for pursuing a beggar-thy-neighbour policy, starving its own workers and so making other Euroland countries uncompetitive.
This is complete rubbish. German labour cost levels are the second-highest in Europe (after Belgian). German workers are hardly starved. What is true is that German labour costs have risen less rapidly than those of other countries.
But remember that Germany entered the euro at a rate vastly overvalued vis-a-vis its partners – about 20% overvalued against the French franc, for instance. Add to that the impact of globalisation and Germany’s own structural problems. Moreover, by joining the single currency, Germany abdicated both monetary and (de facto) fiscal policy. The only way Germany could restore competitiveness was through reforms – which have taken place, even if possibly less than we would like – and through lower relative labour cost inflation.
But both of these methods are demand deflationary and painful. For the other Euroland countries, it would, of course, be much easier if the Germans could remain content to be the sick man of Europe, with permanently slower growth than anyone else. Then places like Belgium would not have to worry about trying to become more competitive. Hence the attacks on Germany.
Somehow, I don’t think this is seen in quite the same way in Germany.
This is an abridged version of an article I’ve written for International Economy.
(Originally posted 14th June, 2006)